Marrakesh or Marrakech (Pronounced Marra-Kesh), is a major city in the North African Nation of Morocco. Marrakesh is Morocco’s fourth largest city after Casablanca, Fes and Rabat. Located near the foothills of the snow-capped Atlas Mountains, Marrakesh is southwest of the capitol Rabat and northeast of Agadir. The red walls of the city, built byAli ibn Yusuf in 1122-1123, and various buildings constructed in red sandstone during this period, have given the city the nickname of the « Red City ». Marrakesh is famous for its snake charmers and traditional souks. The souks offer an incredible shopping experience with a myriad of narrow winding streets that lead through a series of smaller markets clustered by trade. Through the squawking chaos of the poultry market, the gory fascination of the open-air butchers’ shops and the uncountable number of small and specialist traders, just wandering around the streets can pass an entire day.